Soluble organic molecules in samples of the carbonaceous asteroid (162173) Ryugu

22 March 2023 par clavaguera
The Hayabusa2 spacecraft (JAXA, Japanese space agency) collected samples from the surface of Ryugu, a near-Earth carbonaceous asteroid, between 2018 and 2019 and brought them back to Earth in 2020, preserving them from contamination. Roland Thissen from ICP has been involved in this study.

Reference

Soluble organic molecules in samples of the carbonaceous asteroid (162173) Ryugu
Hiroshi Naraoka et al.Sciencefévrier 2023.
DOI: 10.1126/science.abn9033

The present manuscript presents the initial results of an international consortium, including for France, the "Institut de planétologie et d'astrophysique de Grenoble" (CNRS/Université Grenoble Alpes/CNES), the "Institut de chimie physique" (CNRS/Université Paris-Saclay) and the "Laboratoire de physique des interactions ioniques et moléculaires" (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université), having carried out the analysis of the accessible soluble organic matter in 3 grains. The Ryugu samples bear traces of the origin of the solar system and offer a view of the organic matter available at the origin of life. They contain a variety of molecules containing the CHNOS atoms, formed by methylation, hydration, hydroxylation and sulfurization reactions. The amino acids, aliphatic amines, carboxylic acids, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic nitrogen compounds detected are compatible with an abiotic origin. These compounds are probably the result of an aqueous reaction within the primordial Ryugu and show strong similarities with the Ivuna-type meteorites already existing in terrestrial collections.

The work is highlighted by the CNRS.

Link to the INC press release (in French)

 

 

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